The chili pepper (also chile, chile pepper, chilli pepper, or chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli Nahuatl pronunciation: [ˈt͡ʃiːli] ( listen)) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Chili peppers are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids.
Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine.
Non GMO Chilli Pepper Plant 無基改辣椒樹
January and February are the perfect months to turn up the heat and start sowing some fiery chilli peppers! Although you can still sow them right up until the end of April, early sowing gives your chilli peppers plenty of time to ripen before the end of summer. Here's how to grow a bumper crop of chilli seeds and plants.
Water chilli pepper plants regularly throughout the growing season, and once the first fruits have set, feed them weekly with a high potash tomato fertiliser. Also remember to:
• Pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.
• Water regularly but sparingly. It's best to keep your soil a little on the dry side because slightly stressing your chilli plants helps to produce hotter peppers. Taller varieties of chilli pepper may require staking.
• Add a thick mulch of organic matter around the base of the plants to help conserve moisture and suppress weed growth.
Growing chillies indoors? Do remember to open windows and doors to provide insects access to the flowers to ensure good pollination. Alternatively, hand pollinate the chillies by moving from flower to flower, tickling the centre of each with a fine artist's paint brush.
Chillies require warmth and long sunny days to ripen properly. From an early sowing, this shouldn't be a problem, but later sowings in the UK may leave your peppers feeling the cold as summer days begin to shorten.
If your crop has yet to ripen, bring your plants indoors and let them ripen on a warm sunny windowsill. Harvest chillies singly by cutting them from the plant with secateurs. Chilli peppers grown outdoors must be harvested before the first frost.
To preserve your chillies, either dry them or freeze them:
• Dry chilli peppers: Take a needle and thread the stems of the chilli peppers together so that they form a "daisy chain" of peppers, then hang them in a warm, well ventilated spot and let the air dry them over a 4 to 5 week period.
• Freeze chilli peppers: Freeze chillies in freezer bags straight after picking, without any further preparation. After you defrost your chillies, you'll find the flesh slightly softened, but don't worry, they'll taste just as fiery as they did when you picked them.
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